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ESL Student Blog
Language points (vocabulary, grammar, pronunciaton) that are worth noticing for ESL students around the world.

Monday, September 20, 2010

ESL Student Blog: Don’t Let the Verb ‘Get’ Get (=Annoy) You

Hardly any other verb in English has so many usages as the verb ‘get’. It’s used in a variety of ways in spoken English and many students get confused about when and how to use it. The verb ‘get’ often sets a rather informal tone to a conversation, but is also quite common in writing.

Look at the sample sentences below and learn the most common meanings of the verb ‘get’. Practice substituting the blanks with the words/phrases in the brackets and think of possible responses to each of the sentences.

1. How do I get (arrive at) to _______ from here? (Yonge Street, the pharmacy, the kids’ apparel department)

2. Could you please do me a favor and get (go and bring) me  _______? (a cup of coffee, my glasses from the office, the remote control)

3. I have to get (start doing something) _________ (going, cooking, calling people).

4. Where did you get (obtain) this _______? (toy, dress, information)

5. I got (bought) you this nice ______. (watch, flower pot, hat)

6. She got (received) ______. (an email, an invitation, a present)

7. It’s getting (becoming) ______. (dark, colder, noisy)

8. Could you get (answer) ______ (the door, the phone) please?

9. How can I get (make) ________ (my hair grow faster/my son eat his vegetables/my boss listen to me)?

10. There are many fixed expressions with ‘get’:

get rid of

get married

get lost

get dressed/undressed

get sick/a cold/the flu

get hired/fired

get ready

get a ticket/a fine (e.g.: for speeding)

get a raise (salary increase)
POSTED BY Olga Galperin AT 6:03 PM   0 Comments  Add Comment

Wednesday, September 01, 2010

ESL Student Blog: 'Lose' Vs. 'Loose'

These two words are confused on a fairly regular basis by ESL students.

Lose (past - lost, past participle - lost) is a verb. If you lose something, you fail to keep it. People routinely lose money, keys, documents, glasses etc.

More examples:

Initially, Jimmy started to go swimming because he wanted to lose weight. He enjoyed swimming very much and eventually decided to become a lifeguard. In his opinion, there are too many people who lose their lives in drowning incidents. As a lifeguard, he’s trained to help people who lose their consciousness or balance while in the water.

Additional examples:

lose control’ - The driver lost control of the car and crashed into the building.

lose temper’ - Teenagers sometimes lose temper and start yelling at their parents.

lose a job’ - Many people lost jobs during the last recession

lose hair’ - Peter is getting bald. He may be losing hair due to a lot of stress he has been through lately.
Also, you you don’t win, you lose (in competitions, games, matches and wars).

After the injury, she lost to her opponent 4-6.

The ‘s’ in the verb ‘lose’ sounds as ‘z’. ‘Lose’ rhymes with ‘shoes’ and ‘whose’.

Loose’ is usually used as an adjective. It means ‘not tight’, or ‘not restrained’.

Examples:

My six-year-old niece likes to wear her hair loose - falling down on her shoulders - no braids or pony tails! She doesn’t like tight clothes - only loose T-shirts. She has 3 loose teeth - they’ve been wiggly for a while. When she finally loses them, she’ll put them under the pillow so that a toothfairy can visit her. And yes.. she likes to fidget in her chair. All 4 legs in her chair are wobbly - they have loose screws and need tightening. She’s a real angel!

More examples:

loose rocks’ - They built a fence to prevent loose rocks from falling down the mountain.

loose pages’ - The wind blew the notebook open and all the loose pages flew across the room.

loose ends’ - Don’t wear clothing with loose ends (i.e.: loose sleeves) - these can get caught in the factory machines.

break loose’ - The dog saw a squirrel and broke loose from the leash.

The ‘s’ in ‘loose’ sounds as ‘s’. It rhymes with ‘goose’ and ‘juice’.
POSTED BY Olga Galperin AT 12:15 AM   0 Comments  Add Comment



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