email:
password:
sign up forgot password

ESL Student Blog
Language points (vocabulary, grammar, pronunciaton) that are worth noticing for ESL students around the world.

Monday, August 17, 2009

ESL Student Blog: Spelling Words Ending in a Silent e Plus a Suffix

The first letter of a suffix attached to a word with a final (silent) e will determine whether the final (silent) e is dropped or retained.
 
When a suffix begins with a vowel, the final (silent) e is usually dropped:
 
(-ing) write - writing, bite - biting
(-ish) white - whitish, style - stylish
(-ist) type - typist, reserve - reservist
(-ance) ignore - ignorance, assure - assurance
(-able) believe - believable, desire - desirable
(-en) wide - widen, ripe - ripen
(-ory) migrate - migratory, advise - advisory
(-al) nature - natural, phrase - phrasal
 
Exception: mile - mileage, age - ageing
 
However, when e follows c or g, it’s retained before the vowels a and o:
 
change - changeable
courage - courageous
knowledge - knowledgeable
notice - noticeable
trace - traceable
 
Before a suffix beginning with a consonant, e is retained in words ending with a final (silent) e:
 
(-ful) peace - peaceful, care - careful
(-ly) love - lovely, private - privately
(-ment) place - placement, manage - management
(-tion) celebrate - celebration, locate - location
(-less) wire - wireless, point - pointless
(-ty) safe - safety, subtle - subtlety
(-ry) slave - slavery, brave - bravery
 
Exceptions: true - truly, whole - wholly
POSTED BY Olga Galperin AT 4:00 PM   1 Comments  Add Comment

Sunday, August 02, 2009

ESL Student Blog: Beside Vs. Besides

Beside means ‘near, next to’:

Who sits beside you in class?
The police cruiser stopped right beside my car.

Besides means ‘in addition to’:

Besides jogging, I do yoga and Pilates.
Who else lives in the house besides you and your parents?
 
Ask and answer the questions (1-10) below using beside or besides:
 
1. ___ cats and dogs, what other pets do people in your country like to keep?
2. Do you mind sitting ___ a smoker in a restaurant?
3. ___ coffee and tea, is there any other popular breakfast beverage in your culture?
4. Have you studied any other foreign languages, ___ English?
5. When you travel, do you prefer staying in a hotel ___ major attractions or far away from them?
6. Would you live ___ an active/dormant volcano?
7. Do you enjoy sitting __ a fireplace on a cold day?
8. ___ flowers, perfume and chocolates, what else would you give as a gift to a woman?
9. What plants grow __ water (lakes, rivers, etc.)?
10. Name some popular board games in your country, ___ chess and checkers.

 
Answer Key:

1. besides 2. beside 3. besides 4. besides 5. beside 6. beside 7. beside 8. besides 9. beside 10. besides
POSTED BY Olga Galperin AT 1:49 PM   0 Comments  Add Comment



 Subscribe
Subscribe

 Blog Archive
  April 2015
  October 2013
  August 2013
  January 2013
  November 2012
  August 2012
  July 2012
  February 2012
  December 2011
  October 2011
  September 2011
  July 2011
  May 2011
  April 2011
  March 2011
  February 2011
  January 2011
  December 2010
  November 2010
  September 2010
  August 2010
  July 2010
  June 2010
  May 2010
  April 2010
  March 2010
  February 2010
  January 2010
  December 2009
  November 2009
  October 2009
  September 2009
  August 2009
  July 2009
  June 2009
  May 2009
  April 2009
  March 2009
  February 2009
  January 2009
  December 2008
  November 2008
  October 2008
  September 2008
  August 2008
  July 2008
  June 2008
  May 2008
  April 2008
  March 2008
  February 2008
  January 2008
  December 2007
  November 2007
ESL Student Blog | ESL Teacher Blog | About Us | Contact Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement