Monday, October 24, 2011|
ESL Student Blog: The Atypical Nature of Prefix ‘A-’
POSTED BY Olga Galperin AT 11:24 AM
- Just as all other prefixes, prefix a- can change the meaning of a word:
- In the examples above prefix a- means ‘not’ or ‘without’. Some other words with the same meaning of ‘a-’ are analgesic (no pain), atheistic (without religion), anesthesia (without feeling), anonymous (without a name), amnesty (no more offense), apostrophe (without a letter).
- What makes prefix a- different from the other prefixes is that along with changing the meaning, it can also change part of speech:
- Here are some verbs that become adjectives when prefix a- is added:
- These are often called A-adjectives in which prefix a- means ‘in the state or process of’. They are primarily predicate adjectives (they come after a linking verb). Alternatively, they can come after a noun:
- The Christmas tree was aglow with lights.
She fell asleep in the car.
Someone set the house ablaze.
- These adjectives however can never precede a noun (not *ablaze house). They also don’t make degrees of comparison. (not *more/the most alive)
- In addition to adjectives, A-words can be adverbs:
- shore-ashore (meaning ‘to/towards’)
far-afar (implying direction)
part-apart (meaning ‘away from’)
loud-aloud (shows a particular manner)
- or a preposition:
- Some other common a-words are about, among, alone, afraid, ahead, atop, abroad, aware where prefix a- is used as an intensifier of the root of the word.